Posts tagged #Peer Learning

STUDIO SHORT: THE "GAME OF SOCIAL LIFE"

Image of the spinner from the board game "Life"

Title of the Course –  Introduction to Social Psychology

Instructor –  Sandra Parsons

Department – Psychology

Course Number - PSYC 202

Intended Student Audience- Undergraduates; Psychology majors and minors

Course Description: The purpose of this course is to provide students with a broad introduction to the major themes that characterize today's social psychology. The course covers the following major topics: how we view ourselves and others; the cultural sources of our attitudes and the subtle forces that affect us; how attitudes and behavioral elements shape our relationships; and, how social psychology applies to practical contexts.


[This was an] eye-opening class with great demonstrations and experiments to help you learn the material and understand our every day encounters.
— PSYC202 Student

TEACHING CHALLENGE

How to encourage students to engage in difficult dialogues and to see the connection between course material and their own lives?

It is often difficult to get students engaged in critical, reflective, and meaningful discussions in large survey courses such as PSYC 202: Introduction to Social Psychology. Parsons’ course generally enrolls between sixty and eighty students each semester and while a large number of these students are psychology majors/minors or those interested in the discipline, many are students looking to fulfill their distribution credit in the social sciences. In addition the course must cover a large amount of content to provide an overview of the well-developed field of social psychology, limiting the available class time for in-depth discussions. Without the opportunity for reflection, dialogue, and application Parsons has found that students have a difficult time connecting the material of the course to their own lives. Yet she has found that when students can see connections between the course material and its relevance to their own lives, deeper learning occurs and students are able to actively engage in the learning process.


TEACHING STRATEGY

Parsons has successfully adapted a role-playing learning activity called "The Game of Social Life," developed to by the social psychologist Kosha D. Bramesfeld at Ryerson University, to her lesson on privilege and structural inequality. In this activity Parsons assigns students a 'profile' that details characteristics such as race, sexuality, disability, health, experience/education, etc. Students are then presented with strategy game whereby they will have to make decisions with the goal of maximizing their character's potential.  Students are faced with decisions, such as which neighborhoods to live in, which schools to attend, voting decisions (if they are able to vote), and how to spend their free time. The decisions students are asked to make and the constraints they are under due to their 'profile' characteristics encourage them to examine inequality across multiple domains, including access to social power, health care, housing, education, and occupational success throughout the lifespan.  The simulation also asks students to examine the impact of inequality on health and well-being. During and after the activity students are asked to discuss with each other how they made decisions, illustrating the differential constraints that students are under due to their different 'profiles.' This encourages students to examine how some individuals have more access to resources, power, and advantages than others due to characteristics they have little control over such as gender, race, wealth, and disability. The activity provides students with the opportunity to apply the concepts of privilege, oppression, and inequity in decision-making scenarios and to reflectively situate themselves in these unequal structures. Parsons says that the game allows participants to experience aspects of privilege and oppression in the context of a role-playing game as well as to externalize their experiences of privilege and oppression in a safe environment, prior to internalizing these issues and examining them in their own lives.

 


LESSONS LEARNED

Parsons offers two suggestions for using this type of role-playing activity in a large class such as PSYC202:

  • The activity requires at least two class sessions for students to have enough time to be assigned their profiles, play the 'game,' and have the opportunity for discussion. However, she has found the game to be an excellent use of class time in that the role-playing nature of the game enables students to apply concepts and deepen learning, as students must put themselves in “the shoes of others.”
  • The in-class execution of the game takes a lot of preparation and organization on the part of the instructor. She advises that it is best to introduce a role-playing game at this level of sophistication after the first few weeks of class or later when students have had the opportunity to get to know the instructor and their peers better.

I recommend all Rice students to take [this class]! You learn to understand the world in a different way, and a lot of the info is applicable to real life.
— PSYCH202 Student
Dr. Sandra Parsons

INSTRUCTOR PROFILE

Sandra Parsons is an Assistant Teaching Professor in the Department of Psychology at Rice University. She teaches Introduction to Social Psychology (PSYC 202), Research Methods (PSYC 340), and Motivation and Emotion (PSYC 353). She earned her B.A. in Psychology from the University of Virginia and her M.A. and Ph.D. in Social Psychology from Miami University.  She is a department advisor and faculty advisor for Psi Chi, an honor society for psychology majors. Dr. Parsons is also a Faculty Associate at Will Rice College. Her research interests include social identities, gender, and decision-making in groups.

Posted on April 24, 2017 and filed under Social Sciences.

FEATURE: HANDS-ON LEARNING FOR COMPUTER ENGINEERS

Student working with moblie platform in computer science class.

Title of the Course – Fundamentals of Computer Engineering

Instructor(s) – Ray Simar

Departments - Electrical and Computer Engineering

Course Number - ELEC 220

Intended Student Audience- Required of all students expecting to major in computer science or electrical engineering

Course Description

An overview of computer engineering, focusing on the five classic components of every computer: memory, input, output, control, and datapath. Students explore the interaction and use of these components in the modern digital computing system including logic design and assembly language. These key components are studied using a state of the art integrated development environment to analyze the internal workings of a high-performance microcomputer.


THIS CLASS IS THE BEST. I really, really love Simar’s way of teaching. He wants you to learn and not be stressed about grades, so you have much more time to spend time enjoying learning the material and taking an actual interest in the class.
— ELEC 220 student

Topics Covered in ELEC 220

Topics Covered in ELEC 220


COURSE GOALS

In this course students are introduced to the fundamental technology of digital computers. The course is designed to provide students with a basic understanding of the design and use of modern digital computer system and its components. Students learn custom logic design and the influence of technology (hardware and software) on architecture. The course is organized around three main learning goals:

  • Use computers more effectively by understanding how they work.
  • Be able to engineer a new computing system.
  • Understand the role of computer engineering in your future.

PEDAGOGICAL APPROACHES & TEACHING STRATEGIES

Most students enroll in ELEC 220 in their freshman or sophomore year. Students enter the course with diversity of backgrounds and experience working with computers. Some students participated in "hack-a-thons" prior to entering college, while others are working with computers for the first time.  There are no prerequisites for the course, but the course is itself a prerequisite for a variety of concentrations in the Electrical and Computer Engineering major as well as the Computer Science major. To develop the skills and knowledge necessary for computer engineering, the course covers a large number of topics and skills. However, a primary focus of the course is hands-on practice and experience with both hardware and software.

EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING & PEER INSTRUCTION

An overview of how we used the TILaunchpad for hands-on-labs in ELEC 220: Fundamentals of Computer Engineering.

Simar designed the course around an experiential approach with labs that are organized to allow students ample time to work at their own pace with the help of 'peer-instructors' to facilitate knowledge discovery and skill development. Each student uses their own laptop and purchases a mobile hands-on platform (around $15) for the lab sessions. These platforms include: (1) a TM4C123 Launchpad; (2) Sidekick for the launchpad; and, (3) installation of Code Composer Studio integrated development environment on the laptop. The use of these personal, mobile platforms allows students to work with the hardware and software both in the lab and on their own outside of the class. Theory is demonstrated in lecture using the same mobile platform allowing students to test and apply the theories on their own devices. The mobile platform also enables the use of Rice University's experimental classroom in Herring 129 where an open lab space allows the students plenty of space to work individually or in groups. The undergraduate peer-instructors, or lab assistants, are able to easily move throughout the space to help students and offer guidance. 

With 200 students enrolled in the course, Simar finds that the lab assistants are an integral part of the experiential course structure. The lab assistant to student ratio is 1 to 5, enabling both a high frequency and duration of student to lab assistant interaction. All lab assistants were students in one of the prior semesters of the course giving them a peer-level perspective on the course pedagogy and content. At the end of each lab Simar brainstorms with the lab assistants and debriefs on student progress during the lab and areas that may need to be addressed in the following lecture and lab. These planning sessions create a course that is responsive to student learning, allowing Simar to build an environment that enables self-paced learning during the labs.

The success of the lab experience is a team effort, led by Electrical and Computer Engineering graduate student Chance Tarver, Simar, and a team of fifteen undergraduate lab assistants.

SELF-PACED LEARNING & IMMEDIATE FEEDBACK                        

A view of ELEC 220 students working during a lab.

The ELEC 220 labs are designed to address the challenge of students entering the course with diverse backgrounds and a wide variety of computer-based skills and knowledge. Each week the students meet in one of five scheduled labs in the evening for three hours. Building off the flexibility of the mobile platform, the classroom, and the use of lab assistants, Simar structures the labs so that students can stay for as long as they need to master the material outlined for that particular lab. In addition, students can repeat the labs as many times as they like by returning to a later lab session during the week or completing the lab exercise on their own time. The flexibility of the labs creates a low-stakes learning environment in which students can attempt problems, monitor their own success, get immediate feedback and guidance from the lab assistants, Tarver, or Simar and try again or move on to the next set of problems. This flexibility allows for self-paced learning, encouraging students to develop a metacognitive understanding of their own mastery of the material.


Professor Simar was VERY attentive to individual student progress and was ready and willing to meet you halfway and reach out to students he felt might need help, sometimes even prior to the student reaching out to him. His love of teaching and care for the students is clearly evident in his relationships with the students.
— ELEC 220 student

LESSONS LEARNED AND FUTURE ITERATIONS OF THE COURSE

Chance Tarver meeting with lab assistants during a lab session.

Chance Tarver meeting with lab assistants during a lab session.

Simar was successfully able to design the ELEC 220 course to address many of the challenges the entry-level course encounters. However, he found that there are several on-going challenges for the course. To begin with, because the course is a prerequisite for courses in other majors and for the many concentrations in the computer science major - computer engineering,  photonics, data science, among others - the course needs to cover a wide variety of topics that do not always seamlessly fit together. This can be confusing for students as they find the knowledge and skills they are learning are often compartmentalized. To address this issue in future semesters Simar has organized the course into modules that address specific areas of computer engineering helping students to organize what they are learning. By exposing students to a wide variety of topics and areas of the field he hopes to help students clarify their future goals in computer engineering.

Simar has been meticulously collecting feedback each semester from students, lab assistants as well as faculty teaching courses for which ELEC 220 is a prerequisite. The feedback from students and lab assistants has emphasized more opportunities for the structured practice and application that the labs allow for. Therefore, future iterations of the course are planned to allow more lab time for students to do self-paced work with the help of feedback from the lab assistants and professor Simar.

The course has also seen an increase in demand with higher enrollment over the last few semesters. Given the course's foundational role in preparing students for more advanced course work, as well as the success of Simar's course redesign, the department is investigating offering the course once each semester instead of just once a year. Simar is also working closely with other faculty teaching higher level computer engineering courses to insure the course content, skills, and topics covered are preparing students for more rigorous study in computer engineering.


ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • This paper presents the mastery approach in a computer engineering class and discusses the promise of the approach for developing skills in foundational classes. 
  • In this 2008 paper the authors present results from a study of the mastery approach on both learning and assessment in computer engineering. 
  • The authors of this study found that homework designed around the concept of mastery learning and formative feedback enhanced student learning and their time on task. 
  • This Faculty Focus post provides a brief discussion of the balance between mastery and performance goals in course design. 
  • Results from this study of peer instruction in a computer science classroom show that students found the class enhanced their learning due to the  "interactive" rather than "active" aspects of the course. 
  • Brown University's Center for Teaching provides an overview of best practices for working with undergraduate teaching assistants. 
  • This 2015 paper measures the impact of instructional labs on mastery learning in the science classroom and offers suggestions for course design. 

Simar cares so much about students learning that it makes you’d feel bad for not doing your work or not showing up to his lectures. Probably one of the most involved and caring professors you’ll have as an engineer.
— ELEC 220 student

INSTRUCTOR PROFILE

Professor Ray Simar

Ray Simar
Professor in the Practice, Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering
Email: ray.simar@rice.edu

Ray completed his B.S. in Bioengineering at Texas A&M University and his M.S. in Electrical and Computer Engineering at Rice University. He teaches courses in digital signal processing and computer architecture. Prior to returning to Rice University, he spent 25 years as an engineer at Texas Instruments, working on semiconductors and leading teams developing computer architectures for digital signal processing. In 2013, Ray was named as a Distinguished Engineer of the Association for Computing Machinery. In 2011, Ray was named a Fellow of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. And, in 1997 he was named a Texas Instruments Fellow. Ray has more than 25 patents covering everything from computer architecture to neural networks and high-tech aids for golf.

Ray would like to give special thanks to the following people:

  • Carrie Toffoletto, Executive Administrator for the Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering, for her guidance and support on our use of the space.  Her knowledge of Montessori techniques has shaped how we use the space.
  • Chance Tarver, graduate student Electrical and Computer Engineering, for his leadership in creating the labs and leading the lab assistants.
  • Jennifer K. Hunter, Visibility Specialist in Electrical & Computer Engineering at Rice University, for use of the photographs.

 

Posted on February 27, 2017 and filed under Engineering.

STUDIO SHORT: 'SPEED DATING' FOR CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

Students discussion social theory on SOCI 380.

Title of the Course –  Social Theory

Instructor –  Sergio Chávez

Department – Sociology

Course Number - SOCI 380

Intended Student Audience- Undergraduates; Sociology majors and minors

Course Description

In this class we will treat social theory as a lens for understanding the modern social world and constructing explanations for changes in society. There are three main course goals. First, we will consider the role of theory in sociological research. Second, we will examine how the theorists’ ideas were shaped by the social and historical context in which they were produced.  Third, we will weave together and apply the work of social theorists to the modern world in which we live in. We will accomplish these goals by reading original texts and empirical readings to examine how sociologists draw on theory to explain the modern world.     


Social theory is at its richest when we seek to consider a diversity of human experiences and that should be no different in the classroom. The [speed dating] activity reflects this in addition to encouraging dialogue with different classmates.
— Sociology/Kinesiology major, Class of '18

TEACHING CHALLENGE

How to encourage deeper conceptual understanding of sociological theories?

SOCI 380 is a requirement for sociology majors and minors. It is among the most challenging courses to teach because many sociology students postpone taking social theory until their last year of study, focusing instead on empirically based sociology courses. Therefore, Chávez's class seeks to train students who are well versed in the empirical and methodological foundations of sociology in more abstract 'sociological thinking.' Chávez faces the challenge of guiding them through, what is often, their first exposure to reading and analyzing primary sociological texts and encouraging them to engage deeply with challenging sociological theories and concepts.


TEACHING STRATEGY

One of main pedagogical approaches Chávez unitizes to develop students' sociological thinking is to make the material relevant to their everyday lives. Since many of the class texts and readings were written fifty to a hundred years ago, Chávez looks for contemporary examples with which student's can deepen their understanding of the concepts and theories. Chávez says that one of the best resources for contemporary examples are the students themselves. Therefore, he focuses on activities that encourage peer-to-peer instruction and are fun and engaging at the same time. One of his favorite in-class activities is "speed-dating for exam review." Chávez utilizes this activity before the midterm exam to provide students with a quick in-class review of the concepts and theories they will be responsible for knowing. The activity provides students with the opportunity to refine their understanding, articulation, and application of concepts. The conceptual foundation for the activity is itself a review of a concept students recently studied - rationalization. Chávez begins the activity by discussing how 'speed-dating' is an example of the rationalization of intimate relationships between people. For the rest of the class session students rotate into new pairs every two minutes over a series of short "review dates." During each "review date" students are asked to discuss and find examples for a concept that is given to them on a prompt. At the end of two minutes they move on to a new "review date" with a different student and repeat the process. Chávez says that one of the benefits of this activity is that it creates a fun and relaxed learning environment for students who are often nervous about their understanding of the course material heading into the first midterm exam.


Hearing how other people phrase sociological concepts in their own words was great because the readings are a bit dense since they’re primary sources, but this helped break it down. It felt really good to be able to help my fellow students understand a concept they weren’t quite getting before.
— Sociology/English Major, Class of '17

LESSONS LEARNED

When the "speed dating" begins the classrooms erupts in discussion, excitement, and some nervous laughter. Chávez found that students are rarely hesitant to dive quickly into conversation about the concepts and theories. However, since there are anywhere from 10-20 pairs of students during each "review date" it is difficult for Chávez to keep track of all student discussions and monitor them for any misconceptions that might need to be addressed. To address this he circulates quickly between pairs of students during "review date" sessions for particularly difficult concepts looking for common misunderstandings that he can address at the end of the class session.


Dr. Sergio Chavez

INSTRUCTOR PROFILE

Sergio Chávez is an assistant professor of sociology at Rice University. He received his B.A. in sociology from the University of California Davis and his Ph.D. from Cornell University. Dr. Chávez has conducted field research in Tijuana and Guanajuato, Mexico and North Carolina on internal and international migration, labor markets, social networks, and the border. His book BORDER LIVES (2016) examines the dynamic migration and working strategies border migrants employ on a daily basis as immigration policies, border enforcement, economic restructuring, and social resources evolve in the cross-border urban environment of Tijuana. Dr. Chávez teaches courses on social theory at the graduate and undergraduate level, qualititative methods, and work and occupations.

Posted on February 21, 2017 and filed under Social Sciences.

STUDIO SHORT: CREATING MEANINGFUL DISCUSSION IN A LARGE LECTURE CLASS

Rice University students sitting in the grass discussing papers.

Title of the Course –  Introductory Biology

Instructor –  Michael Gustin

Department – BioSciences

Course Number - BIOC 201

Intended Student Audience- Undergraduates

Course Description: Develop critical insight into basic biological mechanisms of biochemistry, cell biology, genetics, and development of animals and plants through exploration of initial observations, definition of problems and questions, construction and testing of hypotheses, and analysis of the results of experiments.


Professor Gustin teaches biology in a way that knocks you out of your comfort zone.
— BIOC 201 student

TEACHING CHALLENGE

How can we create opportunities for learning through small group discussion and peer instruction in a large lecture class?

Gustin's BIOC 201 is a popular introductory course enrolling around 200 students each semester it is offered. The course is a requirement for BioSciences majors, a prerequisite for upper level courses in the BioSciences and other disciplines, and it also fulfills the University's distribution credit for science courses. Therefore, students enter the course with varying levels of preparation in the biological sciences and different motivations for mastering the material.  Gustin says that in order to facilitate more meaningful learning experiences he knew he had to get students talking to each other and working together during class. However due to the survey nature of the course, the lectures cover a large amount of material and are fast paced leaving little time for students to work together in groups during lecture. In addition, the large course enrollment creates logistical challenges for managing group work and discussion during lectures.


TEACHING STRATEGY

To create structured opportunities for small group work Gustin decided to make it an integrated part of the course design. At the beginning of the semester each student is assigned to a team of 10-12 students that they will work with over the semester in breakout discussion sections.  Eight class meetings over the semester (about 15% of classes) are dedicated to these breakout discussion sessions. Prior to each breakout session, Gustin assigns a few questions or provides a topic that one or two team members on each team must address. For example, for one session students are asked to create an analogy for one of the topics discussed in the previous lectures. These students prepare a response ahead of the discussion section, then give a presentation to their teammates and guide discussion during the breakout session.  An undergraduate teaching assistant is there (with a rubric) to observe and make sure all students are participating. At the end of the discussion session another student on the team writes up a summary of the discussion and identifies any unanswered questions. Before the next lecture Gustin scans these write-ups for the ‘unanswered questions' and these become potential topics for extra credit on the next exam. He says that this motivates all students in the class to read and try to answer these 'unanswered questions,' which are posted on the course webpage. In addition, when appropriate, he brings the work completed in these small groups back into the large group lecture. For example, the lecture following the analogy assignment he presents all of the analogies to the whole class and they vote on what they believe are the best two analogies. In this way, Gustin encourages students to see the small group work and peer instruction as an integrated part of their overall learning in the class, as opposed to 'supplemental' or 'additional' coursework.


I appreciated the discussion groups as it was a chance to discuss the material in a smaller forum and an opportunity to become more engaged with the subject and share knowledge with classmates.
— BIOC 201 student

LESSONS LEARNED

Gustin says that there have been a few challenges with implementing these small group breakout sessions that he has not yet found solutions for. To begin with, due to the large number of students enrolled in this course integrating small group work at this level requires a lot of administration on the part of the instructor. Using undergraduate teaching assistants helps with some of the administrative tasks, but Gustin says he continues to look for ways to streamline the administration of the group discussion sessions. Gustin has also found that student absences from the small group discussion sections are difficult to account for since the these class meetings are more heavily factored into students grades than lecture meetings. This is particularly challenging when it comes to student athletes who may miss classes when their sport is in season.


Dr. Mike Gustin

INSTRUCTOR PROFILE

Mike Gustin is a Professor of Biochemistry and Cell Biology.  He has earned multiple teaching awards over his 25 years at Rice University. In 2016 he received the George R. Brown Certificate of Highest Merit, thereby officially being retired from the competition for the Rice University Brown Teaching Awards. Professor Gustin's research is in the area of molecular genetics and biochemistry of signal transduction.

Posted on August 8, 2016 and filed under Natural Sciences.

FEATURE: CHANGING THEIR LENS - EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING IN THE HOLY CITY


Picture of the class with professors and students holding a Rice University flag.

Title of Course: Jerusalem: Holy City in Time and Imagination
Instructor(s): Matthias Henze and Melissa Weininger
Department: Religion
Course Number: 392
Intended Student Audience: Undergraduates, non-majors

 

Course Description: This course covers the history of Jerusalem, exploring Jerusalem’s significance to the three major monotheistic religions and to the modern state of Israel. As part of the course students travel to Jerusalem over spring break where they encounter the sites they study in class. Students experience Jerusalem as a modern, living city. Through a study of the historical, cultural, religious, and political important of Jerusalem, coupled with students’ own observations and experiences from their visit to the city, the course aims to encourage students to develop analytical tools for understanding the place of Jerusalem in its contemporary contexts.
 


 
“These are exactly the types of classes that make a college experience.”
— Jeremy Reiskind, Sophomore, Sports Management & History Major
 

COURSE GOALS

In this course students gain a basic knowledge of Jerusalem’s past and present, its religious meanings in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and its role in the modern conflict in the Middle East. Instead of simply “covering” the long history of Jerusalem in chronological fashion, this course aims to provide students with the critical tools necessary to develop their own analysis of Jerusalem today. Close attention is paid to how the history of Jerusalem continues to shape the city and life in the city today. The course distinguishes three progressive levels of teaching and learning:

Level A: Gain a basic knowledge about Jerusalem.

  • Geography: become familiar with Jerusalem’s urban geography;
  • History: study major periods and moments in the history of Jerusalem in the regional and international contexts;
  • Religion: study the basic histories of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam as they pertain to their respective (internally diverse) attitudes toward sacred space in general and toward the holy places in particular;
  • Urban development: gain a more detailed understanding of the urban development and political history of modern Jerusalem;
  • Politics: become familiar with the basic political issues pertaining to Jerusalem.

Level B: Become an informed reader of Jerusalem.

  • Writings about Jerusalem through time: practice mindful reading of sources from ancient Near Eastern to modern scholarly prose, attentive to their respective stated or unstated interests;
  • Religious literature: understand the historical-political contexts of different bodies of religious literature, including the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament;
  • The media: learn to identify bias in contemporary representations of Jerusalem in mass media as well as in scholarship, especially where bias is not obvious or hides behind the appearance of scholarly objectivity or scientific truth.

Level C: Become an informed visitor of Jerusalem.

  • The main goal of the trip to Jerusalem is to integrate and critically apply levels A and B;
  • Visit Jerusalem and its surroundings, explore how Judaism, Christianity, and Islam claim, create, and maintain sacred spaces, and experience first hand conflicting claims to authority and religious meaning;
  • Meet with representatives of different groups in Jerusalem and learn about their lives in the city today

PEDAGOGICAL APPROACHES & TEACHING STRATEGIES

EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING

Henze and Weininger designed the course with a pedagogical approach that seeks to provide multiple perspectives on the city of Jerusalem with an emphasis on the integration of the old and the new and the interconnection of history and modern life. The course is designed to provide students with the critical tools necessary to develop their own analysis of Jerusalem today. In order to achieve this, Henze and Weininger built the course around an experiential learning opportunity during the middle of the semester. The course is divided into a three-unit class with a one-unit week long ‘urban immersion’ in Jerusalem over spring break.

To prepare students for an intensive week of travel within Jerusalem, the first half of the course focuses on building a foundational knowledge of Jerusalem that prepares students for a mindful and critical engagement with historical-political context of contemporary Jerusalem. One of the primary ways that students prepare to become informed travelers to the city is through the collective production of a travel guide that each student bring with them on the Jerusalem trip. Each student produces one chapter of the travel guide highlighting a historical site the students are likely visit on their trip. In addition, prior to leaving for Jerusalem each student gives 20-minute presentation on their chapter of the travel guide.

According to the Henze, students’ coursework prior to the trip gives them “the confidence, when in Jerusalem, to ask questions and add to the conversation”. But Henze and Weininger say the real learning happened over the course the seven-days that they lead the students through key historical and contemporary sites in the city of Jerusalem. Each day’s itinerary includes tours, visits, and speakers that provide students with the opportunity to explore the city, its rich history, and the contemporary context. Henze and Weininger also carefully planned visits and opportunities for students to encounter a variety of people with different backgrounds, religions, and perspectives. For example, students spent one evening in conversation two family members from the Bereaved Families Forum – one Israeli and one Palestinian family– who have lost loved ones to violence in the city. 

In addition, there are daily opportunities for students to collectively reflect on their experiences in the city.  Henze and Weiniger say that regular opportunities for critical reflection with the professors and other students are essential for students to process their own emotional and analytical responses to what they are seeing, hearing, and experiencing during their time in the city. It is this reflection, they say, that enables students to construct their own knowledge, ideas, and values about the city of Jerusalem.

Once back in the U.S., students return to the classroom with Henze and Weininger where the second half of the course provides students with the opportunity to use the knowledge and experience they gained from the trip to analyze major political, cultural, and social issues in the classroom. Guest speakers from across campus and the Houston community, such an archaeologist working in Jerusalem and a former Ambassador to Israel from the Baker Institute, are brought into the classroom where students can ask questions informed by both their experiences in and studies of Jerusalem.

 

PEER LEARNING & COMMUNITY BUILDING

Henze and Weininger’s vision for the course was to create an atmosphere of respect for diverse ideas, opinions, and personal relationships to the course material. They began by selecting students with a variety of academic interests, religious backgrounds, and approaches to the material. In order to attract the best pool of applicants Henze and Weininger wanted to insure that the cost of travel to Jerusalem would not be a barrier to participation. Therefore, the students’ travel and lodging costs were paid for in part by supporters of the Program in Jewish Studies. In the end, fifteen students were selected to take part in the first offering of the course.

Screenshot of student blog post title


From the beginning Henze and Weininger focused on creating a community of trust, respect, and engagement among the students that facilitated peer-to-peer learning. All aspects of the course from assignments to the organization of student time while in Jerusalem were designed to help students develop the pedagogical skills to be each others instructors and to put those skills into practice. For example, Henze and Weininger asked students to keep an electronic journal by blogging about their learning, reflections, and experiences over the course of the semester. These blogs became a way for students to process their own learning, as well as, to learn from each other as students read and commented on each others blog posts. According to Henze and Weininger this assignment proved essential to creating a strong and coherent community of students once they traveled to Jerusalem as the interaction on the student blogs enabled the class community to extend beyond the more structured face-to-face interaction in the classroom.

 
“Class discussion are my favorite part of the course. I feel as though I actually have something to offer, intellectually speaking.”
— Sparrow Gates, Sophomore, Religion Major
 

TEAM TEACHING

Students listing to tour guide.

To learn about the city of Jerusalem in the 21st century poses a set of unique challenges as the city’s history spans four thousand years, is the center of three world religions, and there are conflicting perspectives that make the city highly contested. Henze and Weininger wanted not only the content and experiences afforded by the course to illustrate the challenges, but they wanted the course itself to challenge student’s ideas, perceptions, and emotions about the city of Jerusalem. With this in mind, they designed their team teaching itself as a way to model how to engage with and embrace these challenges. Drawing from their own academic backgrounds and study of the city, they were able to model for students how to engage in dialogue with others in a political context where it is impossible to be neutral.  Henze and Weininger said that in classroom discussions they focused on modeling good communication skills when talking about difficult topics and experiences. This helped students to feel intellectually and emotionally prepared to engage on “difficult conversations.”

 
“When I hear their differing interpretations and ways of addressing the issues it makes me more confident and comfortable to develop my own understanding and conclusions.”
— Eric Brighton, Junior, Computer and Electrical Engineering Major
 

LESSONS LEARNED AND FUTURE ITERATIONS OF THE COURSE

Henze and Weininger plan to teach the course again in the spring of 2017 with some minor changes to the course design.

  • The class presents some logistical challenges. Traveling abroad to a region of the world that is frequently subject to travel advisories means that flexibility has to be built into the course design as well as the travel plans. While both the travel to and within Jerusalem worked out well this time around, for the next iteration of the course they will make minor changes to the itinerary for flexibility and to avoid repetition.
     
  • The most valuable experiences for students were the personal encounters they had with people in both formal and informal settings. For the next trip, they plan to increase the number of personal encounters on the trip.
     
  •  Students were attracted to this course for a variety of reasons but most of them held deep emotion connections – whether they were religious, intellectual, or personal - to the city. These emotions were brought to the surface and often intensified once in Jerusalem. For future iterations of the course, Henze and Weininger, want to focus on ways to not only provide for the emotional well-being of their students, but to enhance the support the students can offer each other.
     
  • The course provided students with the tools to reflect on their experiences, beliefs, and viewpoints, but for future iterations of the course they want to provide more opportunities for students to develop their critical research skills. In order to help students integrate their experiences in Jerusalem with research projects, they plan to (1) provide a framework beginning early in the semester for students to begin thinking about their final projects and (2) devote classroom time to teaching students how to approach a research project and reading scholarly texts and guide students through the process of research step by step.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

 

TEACHING TEAM

Professor Henze

Matthias Henze
Founding Director of Jewish Studies
Isla Carroll and Percy E. Turner Professor of Hebrew Bible and Early Judaism
Professor of Religion
Email: mhenze@rice.edu  

Dr. Henze's academic interests are broad, though the focus of his published work has been on the Jewish literature from around the turn of the Common Era, with an emphasis on early Jewish apocalyptic literature.  His most recent monograph, Jewish Apocalypticism in Late First Century Israel, is the first of two interrelated volumes he is writing on the Syriac Apocalypse of Barcuh, an early Jewish apocalypse. 

Professor Weininger

Melissa Weininger
Anna Smith Fine Senior Lecturer in Jewish Studies
Email: melissa.s.weininger@rice.edu

Dr. Weininger specializes in the study of modern Hebrew and Yiddish literature, with an emphasis on gender, nationalism, and ideology.  Her research includes work on Jesus in modern Jewish literature, gender and modernity, and nationalism in contemporary Israeli literature.  Her most recent publication is an article on A.A. Kabak's Hebrew novel about Jesus, The Narrow Path, and his development of an ethics of nationalism.  She is also working on a project on the role of gender and nation in modern Jewish literature and culture.